Wikipedia – Dailyish Fact (Opiate withdrawl – Morphine)


Cessation of dosing with morphine creates the prototypical opioid withdrawal syndrome, which unlike that of barbiturates, benzodiazepines, alcohol, or sedative-hypnotics, is not fatal by itself in neurologically healthy patients without heart or lung problems; it is in theory self-limiting in length and overall impact in that a rapid increase in metabolism and other bodily processes takes place, including shedding and replacement of the cells of many organs.[citation needed]

Nonetheless, suicide, heart attacks, strokes, seizures proceeding to status epilepticus, and effects of extreme dehydration do lead to fatal outcomes in a small fraction of cases.[citation needed]

Acute morphine and other opioid withdrawal proceeds through a number of stages. Other opioids differ in the intensity and length of each, and weak opioids and mixed agonist-antagonists may have acute withdrawal syndromes that do not reach the highest level. As commonly cited[by whom?], they are:

  • Stage I: Six to fourteen hours after last dose: Drug craving, anxiety
  • Stage II: Fourteen to eighteen hours after last dose: Yawning, perspiration, lacrimation, crying, running nose, dysphoria, "yen sleep" (a waking trance-like state)[clarification needed]
  • Stage III: Sixteen to twenty-four hours after last dose: Rhinorrhea (runny nose) and increase in other of the above, dilated pupils, piloerection (gooseflesh), muscle twitches, hot flashes, cold flashes, aching bones and muscles, loss of appetite and the beginning of intestinal cramping.
  • Stage IV: Twenty-four to thirty-six hours after last dose: Increase in all of the above including severe cramping and involuntary leg movements ("kicking the habit"), loose stool, insomnia, elevation of blood pressure, moderate elevation in body temperature, increase in frequency of breathing and tidal volume, tachycardia (elevated pulse), restlessness, nausea
  • Stage V: Thirty-six to seventy-two hours after last dose: Increase in the above, fetal position, vomiting, free and frequent liquid diarrhea, which sometimes can accelerate the time of passage of food from mouth to out of system to an hour or less, involuntary ejaculation, which is often painful, saturation of bedding materials with bodily fluids, weight loss of two to five kilos per 24 hours, increased white cell count and other blood changes.
  • Stage VI: After completion of above: Recovery of appetite ("the chucks"), and normal bowel function, beginning of transition to post-acute and chronic symptoms that are mainly psychological but that may also include increased sensitivity to pain, hypertension, colitis or other gastrointestinal afflictions related to motility, and problems with weight control in either direction.

Some authorities[which?] give the above as grades zero to four, and others[which?] add chronic withdrawal as a seventh stage. Some separate post-acute and chronic withdrawal, others do not. For and example of the use of the above system, methadone clinics require, in the absence of a direct and documented referral from a doctor, Stage II withdrawal symptoms and/or recent needle marks and/or surrender of injecting equipment and/or unused drug at the intake appointment to begin the methadone maintenance or withdrawal process; two urine tests positive for opioids must then be collected shortly thereafter.[citation needed]

The withdrawal symptoms associated with morphine addiction are usually experienced shortly before the time of the next scheduled dose, sometimes within as early as a few hours (usually between 6–12 hours) after the last administration. Early symptoms include watery eyes, insomnia, diarrhea, runny nose, yawning, dysphoria, sweating and in some cases a strong drug craving. Severe headache, restlessness, irritability, loss of appetite, body aches, severe abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting, tremors, and even stronger and more intense drug craving appear as the syndrome progresses. Severe depression and vomiting are very common. During the acute withdrawal period systolic and diastolic blood pressure increase, usually beyond pre-morphine levels, and heart rate increases,[13] which have potential to cause a heart attack, blood clot, or stroke.

Chills or cold flashes with goose bumps ("cold turkey") alternating with flushing (hot flashes), kicking movements of the legs ("kicking the habit"[14]) and excessive sweating are also characteristic symptoms.[15] Severe pains in the bones and muscles of the back and extremities occur, as do muscle spasms. At any point during this process, a suitable narcotic can be administered that will dramatically reverse the withdrawal symptoms. Major withdrawal symptoms peak between 48 and 96 hours after the last dose and subside after about 8 to 12 days. Sudden withdrawal by heavily dependent users who are in poor health is very rarely fatal. Morphine withdrawal is considered less dangerous than alcohol, barbiturate, or benzodiazepine withdrawal.[16][17]

The psychological dependence associated with morphine addiction is complex and protracted. Long after the physical need for morphine has passed, the addict will usually continue to think and talk about the use of morphine (or other drugs) and feel strange or overwhelmed coping with daily activities without being under the influence of morphine. Psychological withdrawal from morphine is a very long and painful process.[18] Addicts often suffer severe depression, anxiety, insomnia, mood swings, amnesia (forgetfulness), low self-esteem, confusion, paranoia, and other psychological disorders. Without intervention, the syndrome will run its course, and most of the overt physical symptoms will disappear within 7 to 10 days including psychological dependence. There is a high probability that relapse will occur after morphine withdrawal when neither the physical environment nor the behavioral motivators that contributed to the abuse have been altered. Testimony to morphine’s addictive and reinforcing nature is its relapse rate. Abusers of morphine (and heroin) have one of the highest relapse rates among all drug users, ranging up to 98 per cent in the estimation of some clinicians, neuropharmacologists, mental health/AODA professionals and other medical experts.[19]


Manufacturing Consent (1992)–Noam Chomsky on Power and Consent of the people

Movie|2 hr. 46 min.|

View Description

Funny, provocative and surprisingly accessible, Manufacturing Consent explores the political life and ideas of world-renowned linguist, intellectual and political activist Noam Chomsky

Top 50 Dumbest Conservative Quotes

Posted by Sasha Brown-Worsham on September 14, 2010 at 12:52 PM

(Editor’s note: Whatever your political beliefs, we can all agree that people say the dumbest things. Below, you’ll find some some stupid conservative quotes put together by Sasha Brown-Worsham. For equally stupid — and funny — gaffs made by their liberal counterparts, read 50 Dumb Liberal Quotes.)

When politicians and pundits mess up, flub their words, or make Freudian slips, they often do so in the most spectacularly hilarious ways.

Former Vice President Dan Quayle reminded us not to lose our minds. (That would be a truly terrible loss, after all.) And Sarah Palin volunteered that that she was keeping an eye on Putin — and on all of Russia — from her perch up there in Alaska (you betcha!).

Below, you’ll find 50 more of the dumbest conservative quotes we’ve come across.

No matter what your politics, we hope you’ll have a good laugh.

  1. "When the President does it, that means that it’s not illegal." ~ Richard M. Nixon
  2. "We spent a lot of time talking about Africa, as we should. Africa is a nation that suffers from incredible disease." ~ President George W. Bush
  3. "The only way to reduce the number of nuclear weapons is to use them." ~ Rush Limbaugh
  4. ”My grandmother was not a highly educated woman, but she told me as a small child to quit feeding stray animals. You know why? Because they breed. You’re facilitating the problem if you give an animal or a person ample food supply. They will reproduce, especially ones that don’t think too much further than that. And so what you’ve got to do is you’ve got to curtail that type of behavior. They don’t know any better.” ~ South Carolina Lt. Gov. Andre Bauer, arguing against government food assistance for poor residents.
  5. "The ACLU is to Christians what the American Nazi party is to Jews." ~ Jerry Falwell
  6. ”Fool me once, shame on you. Fool me twice, shame on you.” ~ Rep. Virginia Foxx (R-North Carolina)
  7. ”We need to uptick our image with everyone, including one-armed midgets." ~ Republican National Committee Chairman Michael Steele.
  8. "You teach a child to read, and he or her will be able to pass a literacy test." ~ George W. Bush
  9. ”Feminism was established so as to allow unattractive women easier access to the mainstream of society.” ~ Rush Limbaugh
  10. "I couldn’t imagine somebody like Osama bin Laden understanding the joy of Chanukah." ~ President George W. Bush
  11. "Carbon dioxide is portrayed as harmful. But there isn’t even one study that can be produced that shows that carbon dioxide is a harmful gas.” ~ Rep. Michelle Bachmann
  12. ”The greatest threat to America is not necessarily a recession or even another terrorist attack. The greatest threat to America is a liberal media bias.” ~ Rep. Lamar Smith (R-TX)
  13. "He is purple – the gay-pride color, and his antenna is shaped like a triangle – the gay pride symbol." ~ Jerry Falwell‘s warning to parents that "Tinky Winky," a character on Teletubbies, may be gay
  14. "Welcome to President Bush, Mrs. Bush, and my fellow astronauts." ~ Dan Quayle
  15. ”The feminist agenda is not about equal rights for women. It is about a socialist, anti-family political movement that encourages women to leave their husbands, kill their children, practice witchcraft, destroy capitalism and become lesbians.” ~ Pat Robertson
  16. "Ground Zero Mosque supporters: doesn’t it stab you in the heart, as it does ours throughout the heartland? Peaceful Muslims, pls repudiate." ~ Sarah Palin
  17. "’Refudiate,’ ‘misunderestimate,’ ‘wee-wee’d up.’ English is a living language. Shakespeare liked to coin new words too. Got to celebrate it!’" ~ Sarah Palin
  18. "Go back to what our founders and our founding documents meant — they’re quite clear — that we would create law based on the God of the bible and the Ten Commandments." ~ Sarah Palin
  19. "What I don’t know is what the unexpected might be." ~ John McCain
  20. "We have a lot of work to do. It’s a very hard struggle, particularly given the situation on the Iraq-Pakistan border." ~ John McCain (the countries share no common border)
  21. "I love California; I practically grew up in Phoenix." ~ Dan Quayle
  22. "If we took away women’s right to vote, we’d never have to worry about another Democrat president.” ~ Ann Coulter
  23. ”I find it interesting that it was back in the 1970s that the swine flu broke out under another, then under another Democrat president, Jimmy Carter. I’m not blaming this on President Obama, I just think it’s an interesting coincidence.” ~ Rep. Michele Bachmann
  24. "We just want Jews to be perfected, as they say." ~ Ann Coulter
  25. "I know the human being and fish can coexist peacefully." ~ George W. Bush
  26. "Do you have blacks, too?" ~ George W. Bush
  27. ”We need to execute people like (John Walker Lindh) in order to physically intimidate liberals.” ~ Ann Coulter
  28. "When I see a 9/11 victim family on television, or whatever, I’m just like, ‘Oh shut up’ I’m so sick of them because they’re always complaining." ~ Glenn Beck
  29. "I’ll be long gone before some smart person ever figures out what happened inside this Oval Office." ~ George W. Bush
  30. "Well, I learned a lot….I went down to (Latin America) to find out from them and (learn) their views. You’d be surprised. They’re all individual countries" ~ Ronald Reagan
  31. ”I even accept for the sake of argument that sexual orgies eliminate social tensions and ought to be encouraged.” ~ Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia
  32. "Rarely is the questioned asked: Is our children learning?" ~ George W. Bush
  33. "Exercise freaks … are the ones putting stress on the health care system." ~ Rush Limbaugh
  34. "As yesterday’s positive report card shows, childrens do learn when standards are high and results are measured." ~ George W. Bush
  35. "Good Christians, like slaves and soldiers, ask no questions." ~ Jerry Falwell
  36. "If this were a dictatorship, it’d be a heck of a lot easier, just so long as I’m the dictator." ~ George W. Bush
  37. "I am not worried about the deficit. It is big enough to take care of itself." ~ Ronald Reagan
  38. "Grown men should not be having sex with prostitutes unless they are married to them." ~ Jerry Falwell
  39. ”It may be a blessing in disguise. … Something happened a long time ago in Haiti, and people might not want to talk about it. Haitians were originally under the heel of the French. You know, Napoleon the third, or whatever. And they got together and swore a pact to the devil. They said, we will serve you if you will get us free from the French. True story. And so, the devil said, okay it’s a deal. Ever since they have been cursed by one thing after the other.” ~ Pat Robertson
  40. "AIDS is not just God’s punishment for homosexuals; it is God’s punishment for the society that tolerates homosexuals." ~Jerry Falwell
  41. "Facts are stupid things." ~ Ronald Reagan
  42. "Our enemies are innovative and resourceful, and so are we. They never stop thinking about new ways to harm our country and our people, and neither do we." ~ George W. Bush
  43. "There’s an old saying in Tennessee — I know it’s in Texas, probably in Tennessee — that says, fool me once, shame on –shame on you. Fool me — you can’t get fooled again." ~ George W. Bush
  44. "Too many good docs are getting out of the business. Too many OB-GYNs aren’t able to practice their love with women all across this country." ~ George W. Bush
  45. "Trees cause more pollution than automobiles." ~ Ronald Reagan
  46. "This foreign policy stuff is a little frustrating." ~ George W. Bush
  47. "I would not say that the future is necessarily less predictable than the past. I think the past was not predictable when it started." ~ Donald Rumsfeld
  48. "She wears little eye-patch underwear. So, the other day she came here with her underwear, Thursday. And so, we had made love Wednesday–a lot! And so she’ll, she’s all, ‘I am going up and down the stairs, and you’re dripping out of me!’ So messy!" ~ State Rep. Mike Duvall (R-Calif.) on a live mic referring to an affair with a lobbyist
  49. "I am here to make an announcement that this Thursday, ticket counters and airplanes will fly out of Ronald Reagan Airport." ~ George W. Bush
  50. "I think I was unprepared for war." ~ George W. Bush

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WikiSecrets – PBS Frontline Special

It’s the biggest intelligence breach in U.S. history — the leaking of more than a half million classified documents on the WikiLeaks website throughout 2010. At the center of the controversy stands Bradley E. Manning, the Army intelligence analyst who’s charged with handing them over.

Who is Bradley Manning, and what does his story tell us about how and why the secret cache of documents may have been leaked? In WikiSecrets, FRONTLINE correspondent Martin Smith gains exclusive access to those closest to Manning — including his father, close friends and his Army bunkmate — and uncovers video of Manning taken around the time of the alleged handover of classified information. Read more on PBS’ Website »

Read more:

Watch the full episode. See more FRONTLINE.

Internet tied to rise in drug abuse

May 15 2011 at 11:15am

Boston – Access to rogue online pharmacies may be driving a rapid increase in the abuse in the United States of prescription drugs like powerful painkillers Percocet and Oxycontin, a new study shows. The pharmacies, typically located outside the United States, send out millions of e-mail solicitations a year, and many not adhere to US regulations requiring a physician’s prescription for the drugs. Investigators from Massachusetts General Hospital and the University of Southern California found that, over a seven-year period, states with the greatest expansion in high-speed Internet access also had the largest increase in admissions for treatment of prescription drug abuse.

The findings were released on Thursday by the journal Health Affairs, and will appear in its June edition.

“Our findings suggest that Internet growth may partly explain the increase in prescription drug abuse, since it is well known that these drugs are easily available online,” said Dana Goldman, director of the Schaeffer Centre for Health Policy and Economics at the University of Southern California.

Prescription drugs are fast replacing illegal substances in venues like college campuses, Goldman said. Goldman and Anupam Jena, of the MGH Department of Medicine, note that the recent marked rise in the abuse of prescription narcotic painkillers corresponds with an increase in the presence of online pharmacies. Drugs that are frequently abused – painkillers, sedatives, and stimulants– often can be purchased from rogue sites located outside the United States. The researchers paired data available on Internet access from the Federal Communications Commission with figures on admissions to substance abuse treatment facilities.

Changes in both measures from 2000 to 2007 were analyzed on a per-state basis, and treatment admissions were categorized by the types of abused substances involved. Each 10-percent increase in the availability of high-speed Internet service in a state was correlated with a roughly one-percent increase in admissions for prescription drug abuse, the researchers found. During the same period admissions to treat abuse of heroin or cocaine, drugs not available over the Internet, and alcohol either rose minimally or actually fell.

“The lack of an increase in abuse of drugs not available on the Internet suggests that an overall growth in drug-seeking behavior cannot explain the rise in prescription drug abuse,” Jena said.

Continue reading Internet tied to rise in drug abuse

Split: A Divided America (Documentary)

Video hosted by: and IMDB

Split: A Divided America (2008)

90 min – Documentary2008 (USA)
Users: 7.9/10(89 votes)

Part road movie, part political investigation, a coast to coast adventure to find the truth about the red/blue divide in America today.

Title Split: A Divided America (2008) 
Runtime 1 hr. 20 min.
Studio IndieFlix
Genres News and Information

Shocking and informative, SPLIT: A DIVIDED AMERICA takes a behind the scenes look at the partisanship dominating our politics. Balancing candid discussions with citizens coast to coast and commentary from some of the sharpest minds analyzing government and society today, it’s a cross-country investigation of democracy in America.

Big Brother : Online (like?)

Content via YouTube user: UrbanWarfareChannel

USER COMMENTS (speak louder than words):

so breaking the law for the police is ok, not when it’s you the little people…It states on the stupid facebook thing that fake profiles are a "violation" of the EULA it doesn’t give exception for law enforcement…which I think that if the "law" needs to break itself to catch criminals it tells you something about it’s integrity.

mikelfc2010  1 day ago


Whenever you feel the urge to expose you intimate details about your life on facebook, watch this video.

isair81 1 week ago


Hmmm that’s interesting….

  1. How do we know that some of these FBI agents themselves aren’t pedophiles?
  2. How come there are so many crazy psycho stalkers around, but nobody seems to give a rat’s ass about them? I wonder.

Hmmmm, catching criminals indeed.

BeautyHealthZoneBlog  2 weeks ago

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FBI,Big Brother,Online,USER COMMENTS,violation,EULA, exception, enforcement, criminals, life, agents, stalkers, BeautyHealthZoneBlog, Facebook, Twitterisair81, mikelfc2010, BeautyHealthZoneBlog

What evidence is there to show that the brain is still evolving?

The general belief held today is that the brain has remained largely unchanged for the past, at least, twenty thousand years, and that its present form represents the last stage to which evolution, guided by natural selection, has brought it.

But this does not take into account strange characteristics which point to the plasticity of the brain across a wide social group, such as the surprising displays of lightning calculators, geniuses, child prodigies and psychics or even the more mundane phenomena of creativity, inspiration and intellectual talent.

It disregards evidence that the human brain has been in a state of evolution for at least the past 15,000 years, as can be shown by the gradual emergence of the sense of color, the musical sense, and the sense of fragrance, which both literature and language indicate are relatively recent developments and which could not be possible without the participation of the brain. And, it fails to explain the rising political and technological awareness in the mass of mankind, and the phenomenon of revolution, in which a society, tamely submitting to oppressive forms of government for centuries, in a very short space of time refuses to tolerate the restrictions of the existing system, and takes steps to overthrow it.

Why do we accept that by no means known to science can someone mentally infirm be raised to the level of a Shakespeare or an Einstein through education, drugs, or any other means known to science, yet paradoxically accept that a form of life content for thousands of years to live, eat and sleep in conditions more fitted to an animal has essentially the same brain and therefore the same mental capacity as we have now, with the same neuronic complexity, the same basic layout, and therefore the same capacity, range, imagination, and potential?

We accept that the ideas and achievements of an individual must somehow be a shadow cast by his unique brain.  And that the amazing feats of science, undreamed of only a few decades ago, must be the outcome of extraordinary brains somehow working at a higher pitch than the average man, or interpreting the universe at a greater depth, range and perception.

But, even though the Internet, space travel, the Hubble telescope, and the awareness of unimaginable energies contained within the tiny atom would have evoked scorn only a century ago, we still confidently reject any notion that the brain itself has grown in perceptual and imaginative depth over the millennia, and so may be destined for heights inconceivable to us!

What evidence is there to show that the brain is still evolving?

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